The year 1911 (the 3rd year of Xuantong reign) saw the success of the Wuchang Uprising in Hubei, which finally overthrew the rule of the Qing Dynasty. The rest of the country was shaken, and other provinces rose up and joined the uprising too. The storm of revolution swept across the entire country rapidly. As that year was called Xinhai according to the Chinese lunar calendar, the uprising was known as Xinhai Revolution (or 1911 Revolution) in history. After the first victory in Wuchang, the revolutionaries set up their military government and released a proclamation to repeal the title of the Qing reign and use Minguo (Republic of China) instead. When the news of the successful inland revolution arrived in Xinjiang, it first caused strong repercussions in Dihua, the seat of the provincial capital. People had everything on their mind and the bureaucracy was living in apprehension.
At that time there were already revolutionary forces in Xinjiang, both in the New Army of Ili and the capital city Dihua, who were making intensive preparations to echo with the first uprising in Wuchang. However, traitors aborted the Dihua uprising. Revolutionaries then started armed revolt in Ili on January 7, 1912 and attacked military and government strongholds in Huiyuan City in five detachments. Early on the next morning, Huiyuan City was under the revolutionaries’ control and the uprising was a success. On February 12, Xuantong Emperor of Qing announced abdication. On May 18, the Yuan Shikai government in Beijing appointed Yang Zengxin, the previous Daoyin and Tifashi of Zhendi, as Xinjiang Du-du and instructed him to preside over peace talks with the revolutionaries in Ili. Yang Zengxin utilized the immaturity of the revolutionaries and forced them into concession through the talks despite the military and government’s disadvantage at the time.
In July and September 1912, the Xinyi Grand Du-du Office set up by the revolutionaries and Yang Zengxin’s Provincial Government agreed on the Eleven-Point Peace Treaty and the Twenty- Point Xinyi Organizational Agreement respectively. According to the agreements, the two sides conducted armistice and withdrew their troops. The Xinyi Grand Du-du Office was terminated, and Yang Zengxin was recognized as the Provincial Du-du supervising the military and political affairs in Xinjiang viajes a Guilin agosto. By then, the armed uprising of the Xinhai Revolution in Xinjiang came to an end, and so was the revolutionary goal of seizing political regime. Ili uprising was a part and parcel of the entire Chinese Xinhai Revolution. Despite that Yang Zengxin finally grasped the overall military and political power in Xinjiang through the compromise of the revolutionaries, the revolution did end the Qing rule in Ili, facilitate the republic system across Xinjiang and shatter the attempts of the Qing emperor to move west and restore the imperial system. Credit should be given to that revolution for these historical achievements.